A Permanent Account Number (PAN) card is an important document for financial transactions and tax purposes in India. 

Introduction to PAN Card

A PAN (Permanent Account Number) card is a unique 10-digit alphanumeric identifier issued by the Income Tax Department of India. It serves as an important identity proof and is essential for various financial transactions, including filing income tax returns, opening bank accounts, and making high-value purchases.

Who are Eligible for PAN Card?

Anyone, regardless of age or income status, can apply for a PAN card in India. This includes:

  • Indian citizens
  • Foreign citizens with financial dealings in India
  • Companies registered in India
  • Firms and trusts established in India

Who Needs a PAN Card?

Let’s understand who needs the PAN Card:

  • All taxpayers or potential taxpayers
  • Anyone who files income tax returns, even on behalf of others
  • Individuals engaging in financial transactions where quoting PAN is mandatory

Eligibility Criteria for PAN Card Application

The eligibility criteria for applying for a PAN card vary depending on whether you’re an Indian citizen/entity or a foreign citizen/entity. Let’s break it down:

For Indian Citizens and Entities:

  1. Individual Indian Citizens:
    • Must be an Indian citizen
    • Should have valid proof of identity, address, and date of birth
  2. Hindu Undivided Families (HUF):
    • Can apply as a separate entity
    • The head of the family (Karta) applies on behalf of the family
    • Requires proof of identity, address, and date of birth of the Karta
    • Names and addresses of all family members (co-parceners) must be provided
    • An affidavit from the Karta detailing all information is necessary
  3. Minors:
    • Can apply for a PAN card
    • Parents can sign the application form (Form 49A) on behalf of the minor
    • Parents’ proofs and child’s date of birth proof are required
    • Minor’s Aadhaar number must be quoted in the form
  4. Mentally Challenged Individuals:
    • Can obtain a PAN if needed
    • Application should be submitted by their representatives
  5. Partnership Firms:
    • Must submit a copy of the Certificate of Registration issued by the Registrar of Firms
    • Alternatively, can provide a copy of the Partnership Deed
  6. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs):
    • Need to submit a copy of the Certificate of Registration issued by the Registrar of LLPs
  7. Trusts:
    • Required to furnish the trust deed
    • Must provide the Registration number issued by the Charity Commissioner
  8. Companies:
    • Can apply online
    • Must be registered with the state Registrar of Companies before applying
    • Need to submit a copy of the Certificate of Registration issued by the Registrar of Companies
  9. Local Authorities:
    • Can apply by submitting a copy of the relevant agreement
  10. Association of Persons:
    • Registered associations can apply
    • Must submit a copy of their registration certificate
  11. Artificial Judicial Persons:
    • Eligible to apply
    • Need to submit the registration certificate from the government establishing their identity and address

For Foreign Citizens and Entities:

Foreign individuals and entities use a different form (Form 49AA) to apply for a PAN card. Here are the eligibility criteria and required documents:

  1. Foreign Individuals:
    • Must intend to conduct financial transactions in India
    • Need to provide valid ID, address proof, and date of birth proof
    • Acceptable proofs include: a) Passport, PIO (Person of Indian Origin) card, or OCI (Overseas Citizen of India) card b) TIN (Taxpayer Identification Number) or CIN (Citizenship Identification Number) attested by appropriate authorities
  2. Foreign Entities:
    • Need to submit the following documents along with Form 49AA: a) A copy of the Registration certificate issued in their home country, duly attested b) A copy of the Registration Certificate issued in India or approval from Indian authorities to set up a branch office in India

Types of PAN Card Applications

There are two main types of PAN card applications:

  1. Form 49A: For Indian citizens
  2. Form 49AA: For foreign citizens

How to Apply for a PAN Card? Application for allotment of New PAN (Form 49A) – applicable for Citizens of India

To apply for a PAN Card (For Indian Citizens) online, follow the steps provided below:

Step 1: Visit the Official Website

Step 2: Select the Appropriate Form

  • On the homepage, you’ll see several options. For a new PAN card, select “New PAN – Indian Citizen (Form 49A).”

Step 3: Choose the Applicant Category

  • Next, select “Individual” as the applicant category since we’re applying for a personal PAN card.

Step 4: Fill in Personal Details

Now, you’ll need to enter your personal information:

a) Title: Choose the appropriate title (Mr., Mrs., Ms., etc.) b) Name: Enter your full name as it appears on your official documents. This includes:

  • First Name (mandatory)
  • Middle Name (if applicable)
  • Last Name (mandatory) c) Date of Birth: Use the provided calendar to select your date of birth d) Email ID: Enter a valid email address. This will be used for communication regarding your PAN card application

Step 5: Parent’s Information

  • In this section, you need to provide your father’s name. If you’re a married woman, you should still enter your father’s name, not your husband’s.
  • There’s also an option to include your mother’s name, which is optional but recommended.

Step 6: Select Source of Income

  • Choose the appropriate source of income from the options provided.
  • If you’re a student or don’t have any income yet, you can select “No Income.”

Step 7: Address Details

Next, you’ll need to provide your address information:

a) Select whether it’s a residential or office address b) Fill in your complete address, including:

  • Flat/Door/Block Number
  • Name of Premises/Building/Village
  • Road/Street/Lane/Post Office
  • Area/Locality/Taluka/Sub-Division
  • Town/City/District
  • State/Union Territory
  • PIN Code c) Country (India will be pre-selected for Indian citizens)

Step 8: Contact Details

Provide your contact information:

  • Country code (+91 for India) 
  • Mobile number (this should be your active number)
  • Email ID (this should match the email you provided earlier)

Step 9: Representative Assessee

  • This section is typically for minors (under 18 years old) or individuals who cannot manage their own affairs.
  • If you’re an adult applying for yourself, you can skip this section.

Step 10: AO Code

The Assessing Officer (AO) code is usually auto-populated based on your address. If it’s not, you can manually fetch it:

  • Select “Indian Citizen” 
  • Choose your state
  • Click on “Fetch AO details”
  • Select the appropriate AO code from the list provided

Step 11: Document Submission

  • In this step, you need to provide documents for identity proof, address proof, and date of birth proof.
  • The application allows you to use a single document (like Aadhaar) for all three, or you can provide separate documents for each:
  1. Proof of Identity: Options include Aadhaar card, Voter ID, Passport, etc.
  2. Proof of Address: Can be Aadhaar card, Utility bills, Passport, etc.
  3. Proof of Date of Birth: Birth certificate, School leaving certificate, Aadhaar card, etc.

For this guide, we’ll assume you’re using Aadhaar for all three proofs.

Step 12: Photo and Signature Upload

You need to upload a recent passport-sized photograph and your signature:

  • Photo: Should be a recent, color, passport-sized photo with a light background
  • Signature: Sign on a white paper and scan it

Both the photo and signature should meet the specified size and format requirements. If you’re having trouble with the size, you can use online tools to resize your images to the required specifications.

Step 13: Document Upload

  • Upload your Aadhaar card (front and back) as a single file.
  • Ensure the file is clear, all information is legible, and it meets the size requirements specified on the website.

Step 14: Verification

  • Review all the information you’ve entered. Make sure everything is correct, as errors can lead to rejection of your application or issues with your PAN card in the future.

Step 15: Declaration

  • Fill in your name as a digital signature and select the “I agree” checkbox to confirm that all information provided is correct.

Step 16: Payment

  • Proceed to the payment gateway. The fee for a PAN card application is usually around Rs. 107 (subject to change).
  • You can pay using various methods like net banking, credit card, debit card, or UPI.

Step 17: Aadhaar Authentication

  • After payment, you’ll need to authenticate your application using your Aadhaar number. You can choose to do this via OTP sent to your Aadhaar-linked mobile number.

Step 18: Acknowledgement

  • Once your application is submitted successfully, you’ll receive an acknowledgement slip. This slip will contain your 15-digit acknowledgement number. Save this slip and number for future reference.

Track Your PAN Application

You can track the status of your PAN card application using the acknowledgement number:

  • Go to the PAN card website
  • Click on “Know Your Status”
  • Select “PAN”
  • Enter your acknowledgement number
  • Click “Submit”

This will show you the current status of your application.

Receive Your PAN Card

  • If your application is approved, you’ll receive your PAN card at the address you provided, usually within 15 days.
  • You’ll also receive a digital copy of your PAN card via email, which you can use for immediate needs.

How to Access E-PAN Card?

The digital or e-PAN card you receive via email is a valid document. You can print it out and use it for various purposes until you receive the physical card.

To access your e-PAN:

  • Open the email you received
  • Click on the link provided
  • Enter your date of birth as the password
  • Download and save your e-PAN

Common Issues and Solutions

a) Photo/Signature Rejection: Ensure your photo and signature meet the specified requirements. Use online tools to resize if necessary.

b) Document Rejection: Make sure your documents are clear, recent, and meet the criteria specified on the website.

c) Application Rejection: Double-check all information before submitting. Common reasons for rejection include mismatched information between application and documents, or using nicknames instead of official names.

d) Delay in Receiving PAN Card: If you haven’t received your physical PAN card within a month, you can raise a grievance on the PAN card website or contact their customer support.

Importance of Accuracy

It’s important to ensure all information in your PAN card application is accurate and matches your other official documents. Any discrepancies can lead to issues with financial transactions, tax filing, or other official processes in the future.

PAN Card for Minors

Parents can apply for a PAN card for their children using the same process. The parent or guardian will need to fill in the ‘Representative Assessee’ section in this case.

Update Your PAN Card Information

If you need to update information on your existing PAN card (like address or name change), you can do so through the same website. The process is similar to applying for a new PAN, but you’ll need to provide your existing PAN number.

Why is a PAN Card Necessary?

A PAN card is much more than just a piece of plastic. It’s an essential document that plays a vital role in numerous financial activities. Here are some key reasons why you might need a PAN card:

  • Filing Income Tax Returns: If you’re earning an income in India, you’ll need a PAN card to file your tax returns. It’s a mandatory requirement for all taxpayers.
  • Proof of Identity: A PAN card serves as a valid proof of identity across India. It’s widely accepted by government agencies, banks, and other institutions.
  • Opening Bank Accounts: When you want to open a new bank account, you’ll typically need to provide your PAN card details.
  • Applying for Credit Cards and Loans: Financial institutions usually require your PAN information when you apply for credit cards or loans.
  • Property Transactions: For buying or selling property valued at Rs. 5 lakh or more, you’ll need to quote your PAN.
  • High-Value Purchases: When making significant purchases, such as cars (except two-wheelers), you’ll often need to provide your PAN details.
  • Restaurant Bills: For payments exceeding Rs. 25,000 at restaurants, you may be asked for your PAN.
  • Large Bank Deposits: If you’re depositing Rs. 50,000 or more into a bank account, you’ll need to provide your PAN.
  • Investments: For investments of Rs. 50,000 or more, your PAN is required.
  • Jewelry Purchases: When buying jewelry above a certain prescribed limit, you’ll need to quote your PAN.


Applying for a PAN card is a straightforward process if you follow these steps carefully. Remember to keep your acknowledgement number safe and track your application status. Once you receive your PAN card, store it securely and keep a digital copy for easy access.

By obtaining a PAN card, you’re not only fulfilling a legal requirement but also enabling yourself to participate fully in various financial and official transactions in India. Whether you’re starting your first job, opening a bank account, or planning to file your taxes, your PAN card will be an essential document in your financial journey.